Living in Finland

Cities

Pysyvä oleskelulupa

Permanent residence permit

You can receive a permanent residence permit (pysyvä oleskelulupa) (P) if

  • you have lived in Finland at least four years with an A permit, and
  • you have not lived abroad for more than two years during this period, and
  • the grounds for the previous permits are still valid.

If you had an A permit when you came to Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day of your arrival in Finland. If you received the A permit in Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day the first A permit came into effect. If you have received international protection in Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day of your arrival in Finland.

A permanent residence permit can be denied in the following cases:

  • You have committed an offence for which you can be sentenced to prison
  • You are suspected of committing an offence for which you can be sentenced to imprisonment
  • You have committed two or more offences
  • You are suspected of two or more offences

The permanent residence permit is valid until further notice. However, the permit can be cancelled if you move permanently away from Finland or live continuously abroad for more than two years, or if you submitted false information when applying for the permit.

EU residence permit for third-country nationals with long-term EU resident status

A third-country national is a citizen of a country other than one of the Nordic or EU countries, Liechtenstein or Switzerland.

You can receive a third-country national’s EU residence permit (P-EU) if:

  • you have lived in Finland at least five years with an A permit,
  • you have not lived abroad for longer than ten months during this time, and
  • the grounds for the previous permits are still valid.

A P-EU permit is applied for in the same way as a permanent residence permit.

The P-EU permit is valid until further notice.

P-EU permits can be denied for the same reasons as in the case of permanent residence permits.

Application

You can apply for a permanent residence permit online through the Enter Finland service. After submitting the application, you must visit a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service to prove your identity. Bring your identification and the original copies of the application appendices. You should book an appointment in advance to visit the Finnish Immigration Service. You can book the appointment in the electronic appointment booking service of the Finnish Immigration Service.

If you submitted your application online, remember to check your Enter Finland account regularly. If further clarifications are needed, you will be informed through your Enter Finland account.

If you are unable to apply online, you can also apply using a paper form at a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service. You can print out the form from the Finnish Immigration Service website. Make an appointment for the service point, and bring the filled-in application form, the appendices and your identification.

Processing the permit application is subject to a fee. You must pay the fee when applying for the permit. In the Enter Finland service, you can pay with the online banking credentials of a Finnish bank or with a credit card.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Permanent residence permitFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiThe Finnish Immigration Service:
Application formFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Service points of the Finnish Immigration ServiceFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Electronic appointment bookingFinnish | Swedish | English