Living in Finland

Cities

Kotikunta Suomessa

Municipality of residence in Finland

Municipalities offer their residents a range of services. For example, municipal services include health care and day care for children. If you have a municipality of residence (kotikunta) in Finland, in most cases you are entitled to use the services provided by the municipality.

You should find out if you and your family members are entitled to a municipality of residence in Finland. In Finland, the right to a municipality of residence is determined by the Municipality of Residence Act. At the Local Register Office (maistraatti) of your place of residence, you can find out if you are entitled to a municipality of residence in Finland.

How to obtain a municipality of residence in Finland

In order to have a municipality of residence in Finland, you must move to Finland permanently. If you are residing in Finland temporarily, for example to work or study for no longer than one year, in most cases you are not entitled to register a municipality of residence in Finland.

Your municipality of residence can be in Finland if:

  • you are a Finnish citizen
  • you are a citizen of a Nordic country
  • you are a resident of an EU country, Switzerland or Lichtenstein and have registered your right of residence in Finland
  • you have a valid permanent (P) or continuous (A) residence permit
  • you are a family member of a person who has a municipality of residence in Finland
  • If you have a valid temporary residence permit (B), you may have a Finnish municipality of residence, but only if you can demonstrate that you intend to live in Finland permanently.

The following factors among others can demonstrate permanent residence:

  • you have a job in Finland and your employment contract is valid for at least two years
  • you are studying in Finland and your studies will take at least two years
  • you are of Finnish origin
  • you have previously had a municipality of residence in Finland
  • you have continuously resided in Finland for at least one year

Your municipality of residence is usually the municipality in which you live. If you have no accommodation or have accommodation in several municipalities, your municipality of residence is the municipality you yourself consider your municipality of residence and to which you have a close connection, for example through your family ties or job.

linkkiLocal Register Office:
Contact information for Local Register OfficesFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinlex:
Municipality of Residence ActFinnish | Swedish