Living in Finland

Cities

Oleskelulupa lapselle tai vanhemmalle

Residence permit for a child or parent

Child of a Finnish citizen

A child may be eligible for a residence permit based on family ties, if his or her parent is a Finnish citizen or married to a Finnish citizen and resides in Finland. The child must be under 18 years of age and unmarried on the day that the residence permit decision is made.

The parent residing in Finland must have guardianship over that child for the child to be eligible for a residence permit. If both parents are the child's guardians, the other parent must also give his or her consent for the child to move to Finland. An official, for example a notary public, must confirm this agreement.

The family tie between the parent and the child must be established, for example by presenting a birth certificate listing the names of the child's parents.

The child's guardian will apply for a residence permit on behalf of the minor. The child must be present when the permit application is filed.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Child of a Finnish citizenFinnish | Swedish | English

Child of a foreign citizen

A child may be eligible for a residence permit based on family ties if his or her parent has a residence permit in Finland and he or she resides in Finland. The child must be under 18 years of age and unmarried on the day that the residence permit decision is made.

A child born in Finland also needs a residence permit in Finland. The permit must be applied for within three months of the birth.

The parent residing in Finland must have guardianship over that child for the child to be eligible for a residence permit. If both parents are the child's guardians, the other parent must also give his or her consent for the child to move to Finland. An official, for example a notary public, must confirm this agreement

The family tie between the parent and the child must be established, for example by presenting a birth certificate listing the names of the child's parents.

Livelihood

In order for a child to receive residence permit, his or her livelihood in Finland must be secured, for example through the parent's earnings. If the parent has received a residence permit in Finland based on international protection and his or her child was born before the parent arrived in Finland, the child's livelihood need not be secured.

However, the child’s parent is not required to have sufficient income if the child has been born before the parent’s arrival in Finland and the parent holds refugee status in Finland. If the parent has received refugee status on 1 July 2016 or later, the child’s residence permit must be applied for within three months of the parent receiving refugee status. The application can also be lodged later, but in this case the requirement for sufficient income applies.

If the child’s parent holds a residence permit based on international protection but does not have refugee status, he or she is required to have sufficient income for the child to receive a residence permit.

The child's guardian will apply for a residence permit on behalf of the minor. The child must be present when the permit application is filed.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Child of a foreign citizenFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Income requirementFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Child of a recipient of international protectionFinnish | Swedish | English

Parent or other guardian

You may be eligible for a residence permit based on family ties if your child resides in Finland. Your child must be under 18 years of age and unmarried on the day that the residence permit decision is made.

In order for you to receive a residence permit based on family ties, you must be your child's guardian. In most cases, a child's mother and father are his or her guardians. The guardian can, however, also be someone else, a grandparent for example.

The family tie between the parent and the child must be established, for example by presenting a birth certificate listing the names of the child's parents. If the child's guardian is someone other than his or her mother or father, and this person is applying for a residence permit, he or she will have to prove his or her guardianship, for example by presenting a court's decision on the matter.

Livelihood

In order for you to receive a residence permit, you must have sufficient funds to secure your livelihood in Finland.

However, you will not be required to have sufficient funds if your child is a Finnish citizen. Sufficient funds are also not required if you have been the child’s guardian before his or her arrival in Finland and the child holds refugee status in Finland. If the child has received refugee status on 1 July 2016 or later, you must apply for a residence permit within three months of your child gaining refugee status in Finland. The application can also be lodged later, but in this case the requirement for sufficient income applies.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Guardian of a Finnish citizenFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Guardian of a foreign citizenFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Income requirementFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Guardian of a recipient of international protectionFinnish | Swedish | English

Applying for a residence permit

Usually, you must apply for the first residence permit before you come to Finland. Apply for the permit in your home country or another country where you are residing legally. If your family member who lives in Finland is a Finnish citizen, you can also apply for a permit in Finland. If you enter Finland before you have a residence permit, remember that you may need a visa for Finland.

You can apply for a permit online through the Enter Finland service. After applying, you must visit the closest Finnish diplomatic mission or a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service to prove your identity, and present original copies of the application appendices. You must visit a Finnish diplomatic mission or service point within three months of submitting the application online. The application cannot be processed until you have visited the Finnish diplomatic mission or service point. You should make an appointment to visit a diplomatic mission or service point.

Remember to check your Enter Finland account regularly. If further clarifications are needed, you will be informed through your account.

If you are unable to apply online, you can bring a paper application form and its appendices to the closest Finnish diplomatic mission or, in Finland, to a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service. You can print out the application form from the Finnish Immigration Service website.

A residence permit is subject to a fee. You must pay the fee when applying for the permit.

linkkiEnterfinland.fi:
Electronic applicationFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiMinistry for Foreign Affairs:
Finnish Diplomatic Missions abroadFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Electronic appointment bookingFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Service points of the Finnish Immigration ServiceFinnish | Swedish | English

Finnish personal ID code

When you apply for your first residence permit for Finland, you can ask to be registered in the Finnish Population Information System. You will then receive a Finnish personal ID code when you get your residence permit. You can find more information about the personal ID code on the Infopankki page Registering as a resident.