Living in Finland

Cities

Töihin Suomeen

Work in Finland

If you come to work in Finland, you need a residence permit. Before a residence permit can be granted to you, you must find a job in Finland. When you have found a job, you can apply for a residence permit. You must apply for a residence permit before you come to Finland.

To work in Finland, you normally need either a residence permit for an employed person or some other residence permit entitling you to work. The type of permit depends on what kind of work you will be doing.

Information on how to find a job in Finland is available on the Infopankki page Where to find work?

linkkiMinistry of Economic Affairs and Employment:
Coming to work in FinlandFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiMinistry of Employment and the Economy:
Working in Finland guide(pdf, 5,51 MB)Finnish | Swedish | English | Russian | Estonian | French | Polish

linkkiFinnish Institute of Occupational Health:
Guide 'Working in Finland'Finnish | Swedish | English | Russian | Estonian | French | Somali | Chinese | Arabic | Kurdish | German | Thai | Vietnamese

Residence permit for an employed person

You will need a residence permit for an employed person (työntekijän oleskelulupa), if you are not permitted to work on the basis of another residence permit or without one. A residence permit for employed persons is not necessary for all jobs. At the website of the Finnish Immigration Service, you can check on what kind of residence permit you need.

For example, a residence permit for an employed person is required for the following jobs:

  • cooks
  • cleaners
  • home-helpers or childminders

The Finnish Immigration Service decides on whether or not you will be granted a residence permit. For a residence permit, a partial decision issued by the Employment and Economic Development Office (TE Office) is also needed.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Residence permit for an employed personFinnish | Swedish | English

Other residence permits for working

For some jobs, you will not need a residence permit for an employed person, but will need a residence permit for a specific job. These jobs include, for example

corporate leadership positions

  • specialist posts
  • researcher posts
  • work in the field of science, culture or the arts
  • traineeships.

The Finnish Immigration Service will decide on whether or not you will be granted a residence permit. For a residence permit, you do not need a decision issued by the Employment and Economic Development Office (TE Office).

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Working in FinlandFinnish | Swedish | English

Working based on another residence permit

If you already have a residence permit for Finland based on some other grounds, such as family ties, you may have the right to work. In this case you will not need a specific residence permit for working. You can check from your residence permit card and your residence permit decision whether you have the right to work in Finland.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Right to workFinnish | Swedish | English

If you have completed a degree in Finland

If you have completed your degree in Finland, you can receive a temporary residence permit for job application. This permit can only be granted as a permit extension to a student residence permit. Apply for an extension before your student residence permit expires. You can receive this extension for a maximum of twelve months. The extension can be granted only once.

If you find employment, you can begin working immediately. You must, however, apply for a new work-based residence permit before your residence permit for job application expires.

If you have completed a degree in Finland, you do not need a partial decision from the Employment and Economic Development Office (TE Office).

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Residence permit for job applicationFinnish | Swedish | English

Applying for a residence permit

You must apply for the first residence permit before you come to Finland.

You can apply for a permit online through the Enter Finland service. After applying, you must visit the closest Finnish diplomatic mission to prove your identity, and present original copies of the application appendices. You must visit a Finnish diplomatic mission within three months of submitting the application online. The application cannot be processed until you have visited the Finnish diplomatic mission. You usually need to make an appointment in advance to visit a Finnish diplomatic mission.

Remember to check your Enter Finland account regularly. If further clarifications are needed for your application, you will be informed through your account.

If you are unable to apply online, you can bring a paper form and its appendices to the closest Finnish diplomatic mission. You can print out the application form from the Finnish Immigration Service website.

Processing of the residence permit application is subject to a fee. You must pay this fee when you submit your application.

While the processing of your first residence permit is ongoing, you do not have the right to work. If you have applied for a residence permit abroad, you cannot enter Finland before the permit has been granted.

Applying for a special expert’s residence permit

If you are coming to Finland to work as a special expert, you can enter Finland without a residence permit. However, you must have a visa or the right to stay in Finland for three months without a visa. You must also have a job that meets the requirements. You must apply for a residence permit if you work in Finland for longer than three months. You can apply for a permit online through the Enter Finland service or at a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service.

linkkiEnterfinland.fi:
Electronic applicationFinnish | Swedish | English

Finnish personal identity code

When you apply for your first residence permit for Finland, you can ask to be registered in the Finnish Population Information System. This means that you will receive a Finnish personal identity code at the same time as your residence permit. Further information on the Finnish personal identity code is available on the Infopankki page Registering as a resident.

Working without a residence permit

Regardless of your nationality, in some cases you may be able to work in Finland without a residence permit. You must, however, have a valid visa, if you need a visa to reside in Finland. You can work in Finland without a residence permit if, for example:

  • you come to Finland on the basis of an invitation or contract to work as an interpreter, teacher, expert or a sports referee for a maximum of three months
  • you come to Finland to pick berries, fruit or vegetables and your work lasts no more than three months
  • you are residing in Finland as an asylum seeker and have valid travel documents entitling you to cross the border. You can work without a residence permit when three months have passed since you submitted your asylum application
  • you are residing in Finland as an asylum seeker and you have no valid travel documents entitling you to cross the border. You can work without a residence permit when you have resided in the country for six months

You can check at the Finnish Immigration Service website whether you can work in Finland without a residence permit.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Working without a residence permitFinnish | Swedish | English

Being an employee in Finland

More information for employees and entrepreneurs is available on the Infopankki web page Employee or entrepreneur.

The Finnish Immigration Service: Presentation of the Enter Finland e-service