Living in Finland

Cities

Paluumuuttajana Suomeen

Moving to Finland as a returnee

If you have Finnish ancestry or a close connection with Finland, you may be granted a residence permit in Finland on this basis. This means that you are considered a returnee (paluumuuttaja). Receiving a residence permit depends on the directness and closeness of your Finnish ancestry. No other reason, such as work or study, is required in order to receive the permit.

Persons who themselves have never been Finnish citizens but whose parent or grandparent is or has been a native Finnish citizen, are considered returnees (paluumuuttaja) of Finnish origin. Former Finnish citizens are also considered returnees.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Returnee's residence permitFinnish | Swedish | English

Descendants of native Finnish citizens

You can obtain a residence permit in Finland if at least one of your parents or grandparents is or has been a native Finnish citizen. A native Finnish citizen is a person who has received Finnish citizenship at birth.

When applying, you must give a reliable report of your origin, such as your parent’s or grandparent’s original birth certificate and a certificate which proves that you are related. You are not required to present a report on your livelihood.

Former Finnish citizens

If you are a former Finnish citizen, you can obtain a residence permit in Finland on this basis. You are not required to be a Finnish citizen by birth; instead, you may have obtained Finnish citizenship by application. You are not required to present a report on your livelihood.

If you are a former Finnish citizen, you can regain your Finnish citizenship by submitting an application for Finnish citizenship or a declaration of Finnish citizenship (kansalaisuusilmoitus). Read more on the Infopankki web page Finnish citizenship.

Applying for a residence permit

You can apply for a residence permit either abroad before arriving in Finland or when already in Finland. When abroad, you can apply for a residence permit at the nearest Finnish Diplomatic Mission. In Finland, you can apply for a permit at a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service.

You must submit your residence permit application in person. Take the originals of the required attachments to the application with you when you go to the mission or a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service.

When applying for a residence permit, you must bring along your passport as proof of identity. When applying for the permit, your fingerprints will be taken for a biometric residence permit card.

Processing of a residence permit application is subject to a fee. You must pay this fee when you submit your application.

Finnish personal identity code

When you apply for your first residence permit for Finland, you can ask to be registered in the Finnish Population Information System. This means that you will be given a Finnish personal identity code at the same time as your residence permit. Further information on the Finnish personal identity code is available on the Infopankki page Registering as a resident.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
The residence permit of a native Finnish citizen's descendantFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Former Finnish citizen's residence permitFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinland Society:
Finnish expatriates' interest groupFinnish | Swedish | English