Living in Finland

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Finnish citizenship

How to become a Finnish citizen?

You can receive Finnish citizenship

  • from a parent who is a Finnish citizen
  • through a citizenship application or notification
  • based on being born in Finland

A child whose mother is a Finnish citizen:

  • The child automatically receives Finnish citizenship regardless of the country where he or she is born

A child whose father is a Finnish citizen but whose mother is not:

  • If the parents are married, the child automatically receives Finnish citizenship upon birth
  • A child born in Finland will receive Finnish citizenship when paternity is confirmed
  • A child born abroad will receive Finnish citizenship by means of a citizenship notification when paternity is confirmed

In addition, Finnish citizenship can be granted to a child born to foreign parents in Finland, if the child does not inherit the citizenship of any other country from his or her parents.

Read more on a child’s citizenship on the Infopankki page Checklist for parents.

Another way to obtain Finnish citizenship is through a citizenship application (kansalaisuushakemus). In order to receive citizenship, you must meet the terms set forth in the Nationality Act. Read more on the Infopankki page How to apply for Finnish citizenship?

In some cases, Finnish citizenship can be obtained by means of a citizenship notification (kansalaisuusilmoitus). Former Finnish citizens, for example, can use the notification to receive citizenship. Read more on the Infopankki page Finnish citizenship through notification.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English

Multiple citizenship

Finland allows multiple citizenship, i.e. that you are a citizen of another country in addition to being a Finnish citizen. Therefore, you do not need to relinquish your current citizenship when you receive Finnish citizenship.

However, not all countries allow multiple citizenship. Before applying for Finnish citizenship, it is advisable to find out whether or not multi-nationality is permitted in the country where you have citizenship. If the country in question does not allow multiple citizenship, you may lose your status as a citizen of that country when you obtain Finnish citizenship.

A child’s multiple citizenship

A child can be a citizen of both Finland and another country. This depends on whether the other country accepts multiple citizenships (monikansalaisuus). Ask about it at your own country’s Diplomatic Mission.

Multiple citizenship can be useful but also disadvantageous. For example, you should check whether you are liable to go into military service in more than one country of citizenship or whether it is sufficient to have a certificate of completed military service from one country. Multiple citizenship can prove useful, for example, when moving from one country to another or seeking employment.

The Finnish Immigration Service advises on questions about nationality:

  • Tel. 0295 419 626 on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 10:00–11:00

Can you lose Finnish citizenship?

Finnish citizenship can be lost in the following cases:

  • The person is 22 or older, holds citizenship in another country and does not have adequate contact to Finland.
  • The person has provided false information in the citizenship application or notification.
  • The person has received Finnish citizenship based on the father’s nationality and the relationship of paternity is disproved.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Losing your Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English

If you wish to be released from Finnish citizenship

You can apply for release from Finnish citizenship with a form provided by the Finnish Immigration Service (Maahanmuuttovirasto). Personally deliver the application to a Finnish diplomatic mission when abroad or to the police when in Finland. Remember to bring identification.

Applications for release from citizenship are subject to a processing fee.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Being released from Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Application for release from Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English